The Americans invaded Canada after the Canadians, on at least three occasions, turned down or ignored overtures to join the Revolution. Their rationale was the pretext of "protecting" people who never asked for, needed or wanted American help. General Phillip Schuyler, in charge of the northern theater of operations, had intended to lead the expedition to Montreal, but due to illness, ceded that command to General Richard Montgomery. Montgomery arrived with some 1200 troops, against a garrison of only 150 defenders, and the city surrendered on November 13, 1775. On December 31, Montgomery was killed in the joint attack on Quebec City by him and Benedict Arnold.
The heart of the city is Place d'Armes. In 1775. where the statue of Paul de Chomeday (founder of Montreal) stands, was a statute of King George, that Montgomery's troops defaced.