The Battle of King's Mountain, fought October 7, 1780, was a bitter and brutal affair in South Carolina. Among its distinguishing features was that it was a battle fought between Americans--Loyalists and Patriots. The only "regular army" officer was Major Patrick Ferguson, leader of the Loyalist forces. Following the defeat of the Americans at Camden, South Carolina, Cornwallis determined to retake North Carolina. Ferguson sought to engage the various Patriot militia units that were dogging him, and made his stand on this mountain.
The current political climate continually refers to the "culture wars," or even the "return" of the culture wars, as if they ever ended. This country was not created by consensus. Estimates vary, and they vary from colony to colony, but some quarter to third of "Americans" were Loyalist or Loyalist sympathizers. As we proceed into 2012 and the presidential election, we might do well to understand our contentious history, as exemplified to an extent by this battle.