On August 29, 1779, General John Sullivan and his force of 3200 men defeated a lesser force of up to 1000 Iroquois, a few British regulars and approximately 200 to 250 of Butler's Rangers here at Newtown. This is a view from the top of the hill of the Chemung Valley.
Although the casualties on both sides were relatively limited, the battle has been interpreted as the end of the Iroquois Confederacy. As we look out over the valley, even today we can appreciate how this was the frontier during the Revolution. Land itself is land and persists beyond politics.